Today’s guest post about fall prevention is from David Virden of The Senior Care Blog.
One out of three adults age 65 and older falls each year. While this may seem relatively innocuous, the reality is that, among this group, 20% to 30% suffer moderate to severe injuries that make it hard for them to get around or live independently, increasing their risk of early death. In fact, among people 65 and older, falls are the leading cause of injury death. The health care costs associated with these falls reaches almost $30 billion a year.
So, if you’re caring for an elder loved one at home, or want to ensure your loved is safe in their own home, what can you do to minimize their risk of injury?
Fall-proof your home
Loose rugs, cords, bathtubs, and boxes can all increase the chance of tripping and falling. There are numerous things you can do to help keep your home safe for your aging parent or loved one.
In the bathroom
The bathroom is one of the most dangerous places in the home. Each year almost 250,000 people visit emergency rooms because of an injury suffered in the bathroom. Most of these occur among people 65 years and older. To make the bathroom safer:
- Install a walk-in bath or shower instead of a standard tub. Add grab bars and nonskid mats for added safety.
- Keep a medical alert button in the bathroom at all times.
On the stairs
- If your home has stairs, ensure there are handrails, preferably on both sides of the steps.
On the floor
- Make sure all floorboards are even and that all rugs are secured with tacks, nonskid pads or double-stick tape.
- Use nonskid floor wax.
Throughout the house
- Make sure anything that used frequently, such as towels, dishes, food, etc. are all within easy reach.
- Place nightlights in hallways, bedrooms, bathroom and stairways.
- Move newspapers, boxes, electrical and phone cords, plants, and furniture out of high-traffic areas.
In addition to “fall proofing” your home, there are others way to keep your elder loved one safe in the home:
While this may seem counterintuitive at first, keeping active can go a long way in preventing falls. While you’ll want to have your loved one consult with a doctor before undertaking any physical activity, walking, water workouts, yoga, or tai chi can all help improve strength, balance, coordination and flexibility.
Make sure to have supportive footwear
Walking around in stocking feet increases the chance of falling, particularly on tile or wood floors. When buying new shoes, always have your loved one get their foot measured, as foot size can change as we age. Make sure any shoes have nonskid soles.
Ensure proper nutrition
Eating properly is essential for optimum health, including preventing falls and fractures. Of particular importance is Vitamin D and calcium. Calcium is not only important in preventing fractures, it helps healing if a fracture occurs. And Vitamin D has been shown to help prevent falls.
David has over 20 years’ experience as a writer and editor. Senior issues have long been his passion, and in addition to past experience writing about maintaining a healthy outlook throughout every phase of life, he has volunteered his time and skills to such organizations as Senior Services of King County in Seattle. He is one of the many expert authors who is currently writing on behalf of Emeritus assisted living communities.